Karlsson JO et al: The carbon footprint of breastmilk substitutes in comparison with breastfeeding. J Clean Prod. 2019 Jun 10;222:436-445.
Breastfeeding is one of the foundations of child health, development and survival. Breastmilk substitutes (BMS) are associated with negative influences on breastfeeding practices and subsequent health concerns and, as with all foods, production and consumption of BMS comes with an environmental cost. The carbon footprint (CFP) of production and consumption of BMS was estimated in this study.