Infant and young child feeding: Model Chapter for textbooks for medical students and allied health professionals

World Health Organization, 2009.

This Model Chapter brings together essential knowledge about infant and young child feeding that health professionals should acquire as part of their basic education. It focuses on nutritional needs and feeding practices in children less than two years of age – the most critical period for child nutrition after which sub-optimal growth is hard to reverse. The Chapter does not impart skills, although it includes descriptions of essential skills that every health professional should master, such as positioning and attachment for breastfeeding.

Human Milk and Lactation

Carol L Wagner, Eric M Graham, William W Hope
Medscape Emedicine, 2006 December

Breast milk is thought to be the best form of nutrition for neonates and infants. The properties of human milk facilitate the transition of life from in utero to ex utero. This dynamic fluid provides a diverse array of bioactive substances to the developing infant during critical periods of brain, immune, and gut development. The clinician must be familiar with how the mammary gland produces human milk and how its properties nourish and protect the breastfeeding infant.